NATIONAL LIST
 
Traditional crafts and traditional production of home-made objects or products 
The National List includes typical for Bulgaria traditional crafts and home making of objects and products with preferably artistic qualities. The activities in the list are ancient, lively, unique and emblematic for Bulgaria. All of them meet the following criteria: use traditional instruments and predominantly manual technologies; process mainly natural raw materials or materials made of natural stuff; they are practiced at home, in workshops or as small family business; knowledge and skills necessary to practice them have been and continue to be transmitted from generation to generation by serving apprenticeship and learning from living human experience. This specific know-how is connected with the production of traditional objects and products or with the revitalization of almost forgotten models and patterns made by means of old technologies. The activities are grouped in congruent items according to the nature of the processed stuff. Their inner order ranges from less artistic to more artistic activities.


Герман отс. Избул, Шуменска област

1991 г. Архив на Института за фолклор при БАН.



Оплакване на Герман отс. Садина, Търговищка област

1991 г. Архив на Института за фолклор при БАН

 
Clay processing - CLAY PROCESSING: POTTERY, MAKING PODNITSAS AND OTHER CLAY OBJECTS
Metal processing - METAL PROCESSING: BLACK SMITHERY, COPPER SMITHERY, TINKERY, SHEEP AND CATTLE BELL CASTING, CHURCH BELL FOUNDING, SILVER AND GOLD SMITHERY, ETC.
Traditional building practices - TRADITIONAL STONE-MASONRY: BUILDING HOUSES, FOUNTAINS, WELLS AND FENCES
Traditional stone masonry - каменоделство, каменна пластика и др.
Wood processing - WOOD PROCESSING: WHITTLING, SPOON-MAKING, SPINDLE-MAKING, COOPERAGE, JOINERY, SHINDARSTVO, SHEPHERD WOODCARVING, PROTRUSIVE WOODCARVING, ETC.
Leather processing - LEATHER PROCESSING: CURRIERY, FUR-DRESSING, SHOEMAKING, SADDLER-MAKING, ETC.
MAKING OBJECTS FROM VEGETAL STUFF - MATS, BASKETS, PANNIERS, ETC.
MAKING OBJECTS FROM TEXTILE MATERIALS - FISHING-NETS; DYEING YARN AND MATERIALS WITH NATURAL DYES; OLD TECHNOLOGY STAMPING, MAKING FELTS, GAYTANDZHIYSTVO, MAKING GOAT’S HAIR RUGS AND BAGS, HOMESPUN MANUFACTURING AND TAILORING, CARPET MAKING (OF CARPETS TYPICAL FOR THE REGION OF CHIPROVTSI AND FOR THE REGION OF KOTEL, ETC.)
MAKING OBJECTS PRESUPPOSING USE OF COMBINED STUFF (WOOD, METAL, HORN, LEATHER, GLASS, TEXTILES, ETC.) - CART SMITHERY (PAINTED AND SINGING CARTS); PHAETON MAKING; FISHING BOAT MAKING; GUN SMITHERY; CUTLERY AND HARDWARE MAKING; TOWN CLOCK MAKING AND REPAIRING; HORN PROCESSING; PACKSADDLE MAKING; MAKING OBJECTS DECORATED WITH BEADS; MAKING TOYS; MAKING PUPPETS; MAKING FOLK MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS, ETC.
Old technology drawing and painting with natural dyes -
MAKING RITUAL AND FEAST OBJECTS - MARTENITSAS, SURVAKNITSAS, RITUAL LOAVES OF BREAD, KUKER AND SURVAKAR MASKS AND COSTUMES, GERMAN, ETC.; COLORING AND DECORATING EGGS
USES OF ANCIENT TECHNOLOGIES FOR CROPPING AND PROCESSING AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTS - ROSE-GROWING AND ROSE-DISTILLING; VINE-GROWING AND WINE PRODUCING; MAKING BOZA AND NON-ALCOHOLIC BEVERAGES, ETC.
USES OF ANCIENT TECHNOLOGIES FOR ANIMAL RAISING AND PROCESSING ANIMAL PRODUCTS - MILK AND DAIRY PRODUCE (E.G. WHITE, YELLOW AND COTTAGE CHEESE, BUTTER-MILK, ETC.), MEAT DAINTIES (E.G. NADENITSA, SUDZHUK, BABEK, PASTARMA, ETC.), HONEY AND BEE PRODUCTS, ETC.
USES OF ANCIENT TECHNOLOGIES FOR FISHING AND PROCESSING FISHES, MUSSELS, CRABS, ETC. -
MAKING TRADITIONAL DISHES - BEANS A LA SHOPP, KAVARMA, SARMI, RIZOTO, PICKLES, ETC.
MAKING PASTRY - TUTMANIK, GYOZLEMI, KATMI, KASHLIK, TRAHANA, ETC.
MAKING SWEETMEAT DAINTIES: - BAKLAVA, KADAIF, KHALVA, MADZHUN, RACHEL, ETC.
2016 January
Sveti Vrachove1
Sts. Kozma and Damyan1
Leten Atanasovden; Summer St. Athanasius’ Day5
Sveta Cherna, Cheren den; The Black Day6
Sveta Nedelia; St. Nedelya7
Goreshtnitsi, Ognena Maria; The First of the Three Hottest Days in the Year15
Goreshtnitsi, Ognena Maria; The First of the Three Hottest Days in the Year15
Ilinden; St. Elia's Day20
Lyatna Sveta Anna; Summer St. Anna25
Panteleymon; St. Pantheleymon27
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